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Editorial scope and policy

Journal of Health and Medical Sciences (JOHAMSC) to publish original and unpublished works in the areas of health sciences, medicine and related sciences.

Papers sent to JOHAMSC must adhere to the rules that appear as instructions to authors. The journal reserves the right to make formal changes to the original text.

JOHAMSC is a fully peer-reviewed journal with a rigorous multi-stage editorial selection and evaluation process. Also, this peer review is double blind. For more information on assessment types download here.

First, we perform an initial quality check to identify potential issues such as conflicts of interest, adherence to ethical standards for studies involving humans and animals, financial disclosure, data availability, and other scientific and research requirements. editorial policies. Submissions may be returned to the authors for changes or clarifications at this stage.

After passing the initial quality control, each manuscript is sent to two members of the scientific committee who perform peer review and make the decision to accept without modifications, accept with minor modifications, accept with major modifications, or reject the submitted manuscript. Read the detailed description in the Editorial Process.

1. Rights to research in humans or animals

Researchers submitting studies with human participants must meet the following requirements:

  • Obtain prior approval for human subjects research from an institutional review board or equivalent ethics committee.
  • Declare compliance with ethical practices when submitting an article.
  • Report details on how informed consent for the research was obtained (or explain why consent was not obtained).
  • Submit, upon request from the journal, documentation from the institutional review committee or an equivalent ethics committee confirming the approval of the research.
  • Confirm that an identified individual has provided written consent to the use of that information.

Researchers submitting studies with animal participants must meet the following requirements:

  • Animal studies should be performed in accordance with internationally accepted standards.
  • Authors must obtain prior approval from an institutional review board or equivalent ethics committee.
  • The name of the institutional review board or equivalent ethics board, as well as the relevant permit numbers, must be provided at the time of submission.
  • This information must be reported in the article.

All submissions describing human or animal research will be reviewed by journal staff to ensure the above requirements are met. Failure to meet the requirements may be grounds for rejection. If problems are discovered after publication, we may issue a correction or retraction as appropriate. We also reserve the right to contact the author's institution.

For more information download here.

2. Publication ethics

JOHAMSC complies with the Committee on Publishing Ethics (COPE ) Code of Conduct and we aim to adhere to its best practice guidelines. Authors are expected to adhere to best practices in publication ethics, specifically regarding authorship, dual publication, plagiarism, figure manipulation, and conflict of interest.

The editor, editorial board, and reviewers must treat articles fairly and confidentially, and declare any competing interests.

In cases of suspected or suspected misconduct, we will follow COPE's flowcharts and may also seek advice on the COPE forum. Issues discovered after publication will be addressed according to COPE guidelines and may lead to a correction, retraction, or expression of concern.

Additional resources on publication ethics are available from COPE and the world association of medical editors (WAME).

If you have any concerns about possible misconduct, please email the journal and direct correspondence to the editor,

2.1 Plagiarism

When someone presents the work of others (data, words or theories) as if they were their own and without proper acknowledgment.

JOHAMSC does not accept plagiarism in articles submitted for evaluation. Likewise, plagiarized content will not be considered for publication and if plagiarism is identified we will follow the COPE guidelines.

Plagiarism includes, but is not limited to:

  • Copy texts directly from other sources without attribution.
  • Copy ideas, images or data from other sources without attribution.
  • Reuse texts from your own previous posts without attribution. However, it is accepted to reuse some text of the "material and method" section in previous publications of the author, with attribution of the source. Read more in text recycling guidelines for COPE editors.
  • Using an idea from another source with slightly modified language without attribution.

JOHAMSC uses software, such as Dupli Checker, Paper Rater, and Plagiarism Checker, to filter submitted content for originality. A follow-up investigation is then conducted if the software raises any concerns. Similarly, we hope that reviewers and the editorial board will be vigilant in their evaluation of JOHAMSC submissions and notify the journal editor of any identified plagiarism.

If plagiarism is detected during the peer review process, the article is rejected. If plagiarism is detected after publication, we may issue a correction or withdraw the document, as appropriate. Read more at COPE.

We reserve the right to inform authors' institutions of detected plagiarism before or after publication.

3. Confidentiality

We are committed to ensuring the integrity of the peer review process, in accordance with COPE guidelines. All submitted material is treated as strictly confidential until published.

The peer review process is confidential to all parties. Correspondence as part of the review process is also treated confidentially by all parties, including the authors.

Authors can provide basic details about the nature of the research presented in articles currently under review.

The publisher does not share information about articles that have been received or are under review. Its content and status in the review process, reviewer criticisms, and its final destination, are only shared with the authors and/or reviewers, as appropriate.

Reviewers must keep articles, associated material, and the information they contain strictly confidential. Reviewers and the editorial board must not publicly discuss the authors' work, and reviewers must not appropriate the authors' ideas before publishing the article. Reviewers should not retain the article for their personal use and should destroy paper copies of articles and delete electronic copies after submitting their reviews.

We will follow up on any and all breaches of confidentiality. If there are concerns about misconduct during the review process, we will follow the COPE guidelines.

Form and preparation of articles

It will be considered that the articles submitted to JOHAMSC must adhere to the following instructions, prepared considering the style and nature of JOHAMSC and the instructions of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) for the conduct, reporting, editing and publication of academic works in journals medical (ICMJE recommendations). For more information about the ICMJE visit the website

Articles can be submitted in Spanish or English.

The files of the articles must be sent by email. Separate texts and tables in word format. Figures must be in jpg format at 300 dpi.

Papers should not exceed 15 pages (including text and bibliographical references).

The text must be in Arial font, size 10, single column format, spaced and a half, with page margins of 2.5 cm. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible, as most of the formatting codes will be replaced when the article is processed. To add symbols to the article, use the insert symbol function in your word processor.

Footnotes are not allowed. If the article contains footnotes, move the information to the main text or the reference list, depending on the content.

Abbreviations must be defined on the first appearance in the text. Avoid the use of non-standard abbreviations unless they appear at least three times in the text. Keep abbreviations to a minimum.

Use the international nomenclature such as: anatomical terminology, histological terminology, embryological and cytological terminology, etc. For units of measure, use the International System of Units.

It is suggested to follow the recommendations to improve the quality of research reports, according to the type of work: the STARD recommendations for diagnostic accuracy studies; STROBE for observational studies; CARE for case reports; CONSORT for randomized clinical trials; PRISMA for systematic reviews of the literature, among others.


According to their nature or style, the articles will be classified according to the criteria defined by Scielo at

1. Types of articles

Our journal receives the following types of articles: Annex (ax), Announcement (an), Update (up), Original Article (oa), Review Article (ra), Letters (le), Comments (co), Brief Communication (sc), Editorial (ed), Interview (in), Case report (cr), Technical report (tr), Methodology (mt), Scientific note (rn), Point of view (pv), Review (rc) and Abstract (ab).

Regardless of the type of article, all of them must have the following on their first page (title page):

The title of the article must be written in Spanish and English. The name(s) of the author(s) and corresponding place of employment or affiliation. A maximum of two affiliations will be accepted for each author. To indicate affiliation use superscript Arabic numerals after each author's name. To describe the affiliation, indicate the department, faculty or service and institutions to which said author belonged during the execution of the work; and its geographical location (city and country).

Clearly state the name, affiliation and email of the author with whom to correspond.

If it was subsidized, indicate the sponsorship and the number of the process at the bottom of the page.

As a scientific journal in the areas of health sciences, medicine and related sciences, we preferably accept Original Articles (oa) and Review Articles (ra). The structure proposed for each of the types of articles are:

1.1 Original article:

It covers new research, for journals in the health area, clinical or surgical experiences, or other original contributions that are a contribution to the journal's discipline.

Example: JOHAMSC-61-29-36-2020-PI-15-03-1-1.pdf

1.1.1 Summary: must be structured, not exceeding 300 words. Keywords: maximum five. Preferably use MeSH or DeCS terms.

1.1.2 Abstract: Abstract in English language.

1.1.3 Text: The text must have four sections: Introduction, Material and Method, Results and Discussion. A mixed Discussion/Conclusion section (commonly referred to as “Discussion”) can be held. These sections can be divided into subsections, each with a concise subheading as appropriate.

1.1.4 Tables and figures: The titles of the tables and the legends of the figures must be in a word file separated from the main text. Do not include them as part of the table and figure files.

To mention tables and figures in the text, use Roman algorithms for tables (Table I, Table II, etc.) and Arabic algorithms for figures (Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.). To label figure legends, abbreviate the word "Figure" to "Fig.", for example: Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, etc.

Citations in the text of tables and figures must be made in ascending numerical order after the first appearance in the article file.

For figure files, name the files in numerical order in the format: Fig. 1.jpg, Fig. 2.jpg, and so on. Upload each figure as an individual file, separate from the article.

1.1.5 Acknowledgements: Those who contributed to the work but do not meet the authorship criteria could be listed in the Acknowledgments with a brief description of the contribution.

The authors are responsible for ensuring that anyone named in the Acknowledgments agrees to be named.

1.1.6 Compliance with ethical standards: To ensure objectivity and transparency in research and to ensure that accepted principles of ethical and professional conduct have been followed, authors must include information on funding sources, potential conflicts of interest (financial or nonfinancial), informed consent if the research involved human participants, and an animal welfare statement if the research involved animals.

1.1.7 Bibliographic references: The journal uses the modified Harvard standard.

It is suggested to use a maximum of 30 references, which should be ordered alphabetically by the last name of the authors. All authors must appear in the bibliographical references. In the text, if there are more than two authors, « et al .» is placed after the name of the first, accompanied by the year of publication in parentheses, only in the first citation. The names of the authors must be in lowercase letters (sentence type), both in the text and in the bibliographical references. The year should be repeated in each citation if the author had more than one work mentioned.

Examples: Magazine article:

Author's last name(s), initial(s). & Last name(s) of the author, initial(s). Article title. Official abbreviation of the journal, Volume(Number) : initial page-final page, Year. Reports published online:

Name of the corporate author (official abbreviation). Full title of the document. Name of the corporate author. Year. Available at: URL link. Book:

Author's last name(s), initial(s). & Last name(s) of the author, initial(s). Title of the book. Edition. City, Publisher, Year. Pages).

1.2 Review Articles:

An article that refers to already published material on a topic. It can be extensive in terms of complexity and the time range of the material investigated.

Example: JOHAMSC-61-9-16-2020-WEB-1.pdf

1.2.1 Abstract: It must be structured, not exceeding 300 words. Keywords: maximum five. Preferably use MeSH or DeCS terms.

1.2.2 Abstract: Abstract in English language.

1.2.3 Text: The text must have three sections: Introduction, Development and Discussion. A mixed Discussion/Conclusion section (commonly referred to as "Discussion") can be held. These sections can be divided into subsections, each with a concise subheading as appropriate.

The structure of the review article repeats the same pattern of the research article, so the points of: Tables and figures, Acknowledgments, Compliance with ethical standards and Bibliographic references are the same as those already mentioned in the research article (see more) .

1.3 Other items:

Depending on the type of article submitted, its structure may or may not repeat, the same pattern for the summary, abstract, text, tables and figures, acknowledgments, compliance with ethical standards and bibliographic references are the same as those already mentioned in the research article (see more). The final definition of the structure will be finally agreed between the authors and the editor.

Some examples:

1.3.1 Editorial (ed): A statement of opinions, beliefs, and policies of a journal editor, generally on matters of significance, a specific medical or scientific topic, of interest to the scientific, medical, or societal community.


1.3.2 Review (rc): Critical analysis of books or other monographs.


1.3.3 Case report (cr): Summary description of the special cases, which, due to their rarity, is of extraordinary informative interest for the community.


1.3.4 Brief Communication (sc): Includes brief accounts of experiences, research papers or ongoing research projects.


1.3.5 Methodology (mt): Identifies the methods or procedures including the description of the structure of the investigation, the selection criteria and the description of the groups investigated, methods related to the stages of the investigation (equipment, procedures, remedies used , etc.), ethics and statistical analysis. (We have not used this type of document).


2. Preparation of the list of authors

2.1 Authorship

All those listed as authors must meet the authorship criteria outlined in the ICMJE Uniform Requirements for Articles Submitted in Biomedical Journals.

2.2 Affiliation of the authors

A maximum of two affiliations will be accepted for each author. To indicate affiliation use superscript Arabic numerals after each author's name. To describe the affiliation, indicate the department, faculty or service and institutions to which said author belonged during the execution of the work; and its geographical location (city and country).

2.3 Acknowledgments

Contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be mentioned in the Acknowledgments. Those who have been recognized are expected to have given their permission to be named.

2.4 Corresponding Author Responsibilities

The corresponding author takes responsibility and speaks on behalf of all authors.


  • Make sure the article complies with all Publishing and Editorial Policies by JOHAMSC.
  • Make sure that all authors have access to the final version of the article that is submitted to the journal, and accept the list of authors.
  • Make sure all authors have seen the final draft of the article before it is published.
  • Provide the journal with written confirmation that all authors agree to the requested changes in article authorship.


  • Continue to be the point of contact for inquiries about the published article.
  • Please inform all co-authors of any issues that arise and ensure they are addressed promptly.

2.5 Changes of authorship

JOHAMSC follows the COPE guidelines for changes in authorship.

Changing the list of authors after submission requires the agreement of all authors. This includes additions, deletions, and changes to the order. Requests must come from the corresponding author along with an explanation of the change. If the change is deemed appropriate, the corresponding author must receive and provide JOHAMSC with consent for the change from all authors, including those added, deleted, or reordered.

Authorship issues identified after publication may result in a correction. In the event of an authorship dispute, the journal will not arbitrate. If the authors cannot resolve the dispute themselves, we will raise the issue with the authors' institutions and comply with their guidelines.

3. Documents that must accompany the shipment of the article

3.1 Cover letter

All article submissions must be accompanied by a cover letter (click here to download) addressed to the editor, signed by the corresponding author, in which it must be expressly stated that the article has been read and approved by all the authors, that the authorship requirements have been met and that it has not been published or sent simultaneously to another journal.

3.2 Statement of authorship responsibility

All authors of articles submitted to JOHAMSC must fill out the “Declaration of Authorship Responsibility” form (click here to download) which is in accordance with the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors ( ) with regarding the authorship criteria. To do this, download the form directly from the JOHAMSC website.

3.3 Declaration of potential conflicts of interest

All authors of articles submitted to JOHAMSC must fill out the “ICMJE uniform disclosure form for potential conflicts of interest” available on the website

The editor will decide if it is appropriate to bring these statements to the attention of the external reviewers and they will include in the text of the publication those that they deem pertinent, depending on the nature of the article.

3.4 Submission of articles

PhD. Daniel Moraga Muñoz
Faculty of Health Sciences
University of Tarapacá
Arica – Chile

Editorial Process

Authors can check the status of their manuscript at any time by sending an email to the JOHAMSC editor ( To do this, you must indicate the code that was assigned to you when your item was received.

Authors will also be notified by email when a decision is made.

1. Quality controls

New submissions go through an initial quality check to ensure compliance with our policies and requirements, including:

  • Ethical requirements for human and animal experimentation.
  • Financial disclosures
  • Conflict of interests

The articles will not be seen by peer reviewers until they pass this review.

2. Appointment of peer reviewers

After a manuscript passes the quality control check, it is assigned to two peer reviewers according to the subject area of ​​the manuscript, that is, research in health sciences and medicine or other related areas associated with human health, to to evaluate the article according to the JOHAMSC criteria for publication, according to the following evaluation guideline. Reviewers may choose to accept without change, accept with minor change, accept with major change, or reject the article based on the review guideline and/or their own experience. The editor may also participate in manuscript evaluations based on subject matter expertise or assign external reviewers for additional evaluation if necessary.

The editor decides if additional expert reviews are needed to evaluate the manuscript. After agreeing to review a manuscript, additional external reviewers are generally given 15 days to complete the assignment. In addition, authors are kept informed if there are any delays.

3. Editorial decisions

The final decision on a manuscript is made by the editor. The time to receive a decision depends on how long it takes for the editor to evaluate the reviews.

4. Reviews

Authors who receive a minor revision or major revision decision have 20 days to resubmit the revised manuscript. It will then be sent to the editor to verify that the necessary adjustments indicated by the reviewers have been made. If necessary, it will be sent back to the original evaluator to verify said modifications.

5. Manuscript Accepted

Acceptance is issued when final checks are completed. At this time, the article will be sent to the production department.

6. Communication with authors

All communications about the acceptance decision will be sent to the corresponding author.

7. FAQ

7.1 What is the flow of a manuscript sent to the journal?


7.2 How long does it take to assign a peer reviewer?

Answer: The time it takes to assign a peer reviewer may vary depending on the availability of the reviewer or the time of year (for example, winter or summer break).

7.3 How many reviewers will a manuscript have?

Answer: JOHAMSC submissions are reviewed by two peer reviewers, either from the scientific committee or external reviewers, but it is up to the editor to determine the number of reviews required.

7.4 How much time is given to the peer reviewer to review the manuscript?

Answer: After the peer reviewer agrees to review the article, they are given 20 days to complete the task.

7.5 How long does it take for an accepted manuscript to be published?

Answer: Depending on the number of manuscripts that are accepted for publication, the editor will finally define its publication by the impact of the article in the closest number. However, an accepted manuscript must be published no later than the third issue after its acceptance (9 months).

7.6 Can authors suggest peer reviewers?

Answer: Authors can suggest names of peer reviewers when submitting their manuscript, however, this does not guarantee that the suggested reviewer will be assigned.

7.7 Will authors know who is reviewing their manuscript?

Answer: Reviewers are anonymous by default. The identities of the reviewers are not revealed to the authors or other reviewers.

7.8 Will the peer reviewers know the names of the authors during the review?

Answer: Author names are anonymous to reviewers during review. However, authors' names will be known to the editor for the purpose of assessing potential conflicts of interest.

7.9 Can authors ask to exclude a peer reviewer?

Answer: Authors can enter the names of potential peer reviewers they wish to exclude from consideration for peer review of their manuscript. The editorial team will honor these requests as long as this does not interfere with the objective and thorough evaluation of the submission.

7.10 How do authors find out about editorial decisions about their manuscript?

Answer: Authors will receive notification by email.

7.11 What are the possible outcomes of the decision?

Answer: After evaluation, the editor chooses between the following decisions:

  • To accept
  • Minor revision
  • Major revision
  • Decline